Assessment of Skill and Performance
- Characteristics of skilled performers, eg kinaesthetic sense, anticipation, consistency, technique
- Objective and subjective performance measures
- Validity and reliability of tests
- Personal versus prescribed judging criteria
Characteristics of Skilled Performers
- Kinaesthetic sense
- Coordination of mind and muscles in execution and assessment of a performance.
- When an athlete reaches the autonomous stage of skill learning, they are fully aware of their good and bad performances.
- Skilled athletes can also assess errors in performance observing movements and rectify them during performance.
- Ability of athletes to predict the chain of events during gameplay by observing patterns.
- Techniques and strategies can be adjusted if possible outcomes can be predicted.
- Crucial for sports that require agility and quick decision making under pressure. Example: tennis, baseball etc.
- Ability to implement skills in congruence, even under unfavorable situations.
- Can be gained through structured practice.
- Collection and execution of practical methods to carry out a task.
- Techniques become fluent, efficient and successful with proper training, drills and other game related activities.
Objective and Subjective Performance Measures
- Objective performance measures are devoid of human analysis and interpretation (an observer).
- Includes measuring reliability and accuracy of the action performed, as well as justifying the action on the ground of existing rules.
- For example, when a ball is thrown into a basketball hoop, a score isn’t given until the referee deems that no fouls were committed and the throw was legitimate.
- Subjective performance measures pay heed to opinions and judgement rather than set rules.
- Example: a dance or gymnastic routine where individual judges register their own perception and opinion on the performance.
Validity and Reliability of Tests
- Validity of tests refer to the degree and ability of evaluation methods.
- All methods that are designed to analyse a performer’s capability of executing the required movements should be fair and objective.
- For example, a beep test should be used for testing aerobic fitness, in which case, a vertical jump test would render invalid results.
- Reliability of tests can be assessed when specific tests carried out on a large scale renders similar results under similar conditions.
- Tests are considered invalid when reliability test scores do not reflect standard parameters.
Personal Versus Prescribed Judging Criteria
- Personal judging criteria is focused on individual sense of judgement and opinion based on perception.
- Often considered inaccurate because they are subjective.
- Current events that require personal judgement have included rating scales and a standard evaluation checklist to enhance credibility.
- Prescribed judging is conducted based on set rules determined by an upper authority.
- Inclined towards a more objective assessment of performances to maintain fairness across all the verdicts given by judges.
- Also includes the use of rating scales, checklists and scoring systems.