Characteristics of the Learner

Characteristics of the Learner

  • Personality
  • Heredity
  • Confidence
  • Prior experience
  • Ability


  • Disposition and behavior of an individual developed through life experiences and interactions.
  • Athletes with positive attributes (determination, motivation, enthusiasm) are often quick learners and more receptive towards new ideas, approaches and feedback.
  • Athletes with positive personality traits tend to be more cooperative in creating a productive learning environment.


  • Genetic characteristics inherited by an individual biologically.
  • Sometimes puts limits to the span an individual can reach in terms of acquiring a skill and often influence the potential for being successful in a sport or acquiring a skill.
  • Some factors include:
    • Ratio of fast/slow twitch muscle.
    • Somatotype (body type/shape)
    • Height
    • Conceptual ability


  • A sense of belief in oneself on their ability and potential to perform a task.
  • Influenced by personality traits and surroundings.
  • Both lack and over confidence affects performance.
  • Coaches should encourage training in gradual steps to build up confidence starting from the basics. A sudden rush of complex information out of the range of a learner might make them feel overwhelmed.

Prior Experience

  • Not whole but some level of knowledge about a particular strategy common across skills.
  • Major aspects involved in prior experience are: motor skills, strategies and techniques, fitness routines.
  • Helps in speeding up the learning process as acquaintances with some aspect of the skill in the past can be helpful in reproducing common actions (for example, hand-eye coordination is common in both cricket and baseball).


  • Way of learning, processing and implementing a new skill.
  • The degree varies from person to person.
  • Ability incorporates the following factors:
    • Perception
    • Kinaesthetic
    • Tactics
    • Preciseness