- Positive and negative
- Intrinsic and extrinsic
Positive and Negative
- The type of motivation where past encouraging behaviors drive and affect an individual’s performance.
- Comes from expectations of winning a reward, praise and recognition for good performance.
- Often includes both self reinforcement and those from family members, friends and coach.
- Often arises from fear of underperformance, rather than positive remarks and feedback.
- Example: Boxers are agile and move fast to avoid getting hit.
- Comes with short time effects including declining creativity and indecisiveness.
- Some long term and comparatively severe consequences include destruction of self-confidence, and belief in oneself.
Intrinsic and Extrinsic
- Refers to self motivation at its simplest, that comes from within an individual.
- The desire to achieve is driven by the amount of interest in a task or activity.
- Levels of mastery at a certain task is directly proportional to the amount of intrinsic motivation.
- Intrinsically motivated people are keen to learn and experience new things.
- Motivation that comes from a source other than the individual themself.
- Involves friends, families, coaches and sometimes, stories of a role model.
- Recognition, praise, trophies, monetary rewards are some examples.