• Positive and negative
  • Intrinsic and extrinsic

Positive and Negative

  • Positive
    • The type of motivation where past encouraging behaviors drive and affect an individual’s performance.
    • Comes from expectations of winning a reward, praise and recognition for good performance.
    • Often includes both self reinforcement and those from family members, friends and coach.
  • Negative
    • Often arises from fear of underperformance, rather than positive remarks and feedback.
    • Example: Boxers are agile and move fast to avoid getting hit.
    • Comes with short time effects including declining creativity and indecisiveness.
    • Some long term and comparatively severe consequences include destruction of self-confidence, and belief in oneself.

Intrinsic and Extrinsic

  • Intrinsic
    • Refers to self motivation at its simplest, that comes from within an individual.
    • The desire to achieve is driven by the amount of interest in a task or activity.
    • Levels of mastery at a certain task is directly proportional to the amount of intrinsic motivation.
    • Intrinsically motivated people are keen to learn and experience new things.
  • Extrinsic
    • Motivation that comes from a source other than the individual themself.
    • Involves friends, families, coaches and sometimes, stories of a role model.
    • Recognition, praise, trophies, monetary rewards are some examples.