EasyPDHPE > Sports Medicine > How does sports medicine address the demands of specific athletes? > Children and Young Athletes
- medical conditions (asthma, diabetes, epilepsy)
- overuse injuries (stress fractures)
- appropriateness of resistance training
- A respiratory condition that occurs due to the narrowing of airways and accumulation of mucus.
- Predominant marker includes difficulty in breathing marked by attacks of spasm.
- Other symptoms include:
- Chest tightness
- Shortness of breath
- Patients are generally prescribed with corticosteroids that help prevent sudden flare-ups.
- Inhalers are also prescribed to quickly open up airways and make breathing easier.
- A medical condition where glucose levels in blood elevate.
- Can be of two categories:
- Type 1: The pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin for glucose metabolism.
- Type 2: The pancreas is able to produce insulin but the cells aren’t responsive to insulin.
- Common symptoms include:
- Diet requirements need to be monitored extensively.
- Hypoglycemia can also be triggered due to excessive strain and workout. Supplements containing glucose are provided to athletes.
- Best to seek medical care if symptoms worsen.
- Neurological condition, characterized by seizures.
- An individual experiencing an epilepsy episode loses control over their movement and mobility.
- Often triggered in athletes due to fatigue and elevated body temperature from extensive physical activity.
- During an epileptic attack, the patient should be kept in an area devoid of crowd. A resting phase should follow once the impact has minimized.
Overuse Injuries - Stress Fractures
- Often occurs due to muscle strain from repetitive tasks.
- Often common in children since they are prone to falling and sometimes have growth imbalances among bones, muscles and tendons.
- Can be avoided by allowing children to participate in multiple sports. This will open windows for developing muscle flexibility by exercising them in different positions.
- Training sessions should include appropriate strength training programs for a balanced workout routine including effective warm up, cool down and stretch segments.
- Children are more likely to lose body fluid because of less overall fluid retention, less developed sweat glands and under developed muscles.
- A quickened rate of dehydration causes overheating and heat stress.
- Exercise routines for children shouldn’t be too intense and prolonged. Regular drink breaks should be given for fluid restoration.
Appropriateness of Resistance Training
- For training sets focused on muscular endurance, resistance training is appropriate.
- Routines should include efficient warm up and cool-down phases to avoid excessive stress buildup in muscles and injury.