The Roles Of: Courts and Tribunals

Courts and Tribunals

  • The Australian Human Rights Commission (AHRC)
      • Investigates reports of human rights violations, and discrimination on the basis of race, sex, age, disability, and other factors under federal law.
      • The AHRC has the authority to conduct investigations into critically important human rights issues for the nation. These include issues related to fundamental human rights such as issues related to discrimination, access to education and healthcare, and the rights of refugees and asylum seekers.
  • The High Court of Australia
      • The highest court in the legal system of Australia, the High Court holds the authority to interpret the Constitution in order to make sure it aligns with the principles of human rights.
      • The High Court also possesses the power to eradicate and nullify any laws passed by the parliament that violate human rights.
      • Cases related to discrimination, freedom of speech and the right to fair trial are heard and decided by the High Court.

Extract from Legal Studies Stage 6 Syllabus. © 2009 Board of Studies NSW.