- These are laws in Australia that are made by the federal Parliament or state and territory parliaments.
- These laws are written down in the form of statutes or Acts of Parliament, and they can be amended or repealed by subsequent Acts of Parliament.
- Some examples include –
- The Constitution of Australia: This is the supreme law of the land and sets out the framework for the federal system of government in Australia.
- The Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986: This Act establishes the Australian Human Rights Commission and sets out its functions and powers.
- The Racial Discrimination Act 1975: This Act makes it unlawful to discriminate on the basis of race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin in various areas of public life.
- The Sex Discrimination Act 1984: This Act makes it unlawful to discriminate on the basis of sex, marital status, or pregnancy and breastfeeding in various areas of public life.
- The Criminal Code Act 1995: This Act sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility in Australia, including the definition of various criminal offences and the maximum penalties that can be imposed.
- The Fair Work Act 2009: This Act sets out the minimum employment standards and protections for workers in Australia, including the right to minimum wages and conditions, the right to join a union, and protection against unfair dismissal.
Extract from Legal Studies Stage 6 Syllabus. © 2009 Board of Studies NSW.