Identifying Priority Health Issues
- Social justice principles
- Priority population groups
- Prevalence of condition
- Potential for prevention and early intervention
- Costs to the individual and community
Social Justice Principles:
Social justice is a concept that in general refer to human rights. The concept of social justice is centred around:
- Helping groups improve their lives who are otherwise overlooked upon due to discriminative, racial, ethnical and sexist mindsets.
- Ensuring all groups of people regardless of their race, ethnicity and religion get equal healthcare services.
- Promoting diversity inclusion and making sure all Australians receive supportive environments.
Priority Population Groups:
- In regards to public health, the aim of creating priority population groups is to identify:
- Which disease or disorder is significantly prevalent
- Which cohort can be classified in different risk groups
- Measuring the weightage of that disease as a public health concern
Prevalence of Condition:
- Prevalence is represented based on the number of cases or proportion of a particular population, who have been found to affected by a clinical condition or risk factor at a particular time.
- Prevalence of condition(s) is obtained by analysing the total number of people who have been diagnosed with a certain condition against a study sample.
- Prevalence is expressed as a fraction, a percentage, or the number of cases per 10,000 or 100,000 people.
Potential for prevention and early intervention:
Potential for Prevention:
- The prevention phase of disease management involves implementation of various strategies, policies and programmes for disease prevention
- Policies are implemented on a national or community level to prevent or subjugate clinical and behavioural health issues.
- Early intervention refers to the swift management of diagnosed cases
- Protocols are undertaken in terms of treatment and therapeutic measures for containing the prognosis of a disease to a more severe stage.
Costs to the Individual and Community:
- Costs to the individual and community is the scrutinization of the economic aspects of a disease on an individual. Costs to the individual are measured in terms of:
- Financial loss
- Productivity loss
- Substandard quality of life
- Emotional strain
- Costs to the individual and community can be of two types:
- Direct Costs:
- All costs which are spent in direct relation to a disease or health condition.
- Generally, the healthcare system bears this cost type.
- Indirect Costs:
- Relates to productivity loss, loss of employment, insurance etc.
- Direct Costs:
Extract from Business Studies Stage 6 Syllabus. © 2010 Board of Studies NSW.