Elements To Be Considered When Designing a Training Session
- Health and safety considerations
- Providing an overview of the session to athletes (goal-specific)
- Warm up and cool down
- Skill instruction and practice
Health and Safety Considerations
- The well-being of athletes should be of the highest concern.
- Individual injuries can be prevented through:
- Proper warm-up, stretching and cool down sessions
- Gradual increase in intensity of training
- Protective gear and equipments
- Proper recovery phase
- Authorities should perform regular maintenance of playing fields and indoor courts and arenas to remove hazardous and harmful substances.
Providing an Overview of the Session to Athletes
- Athletes need to be clear on the goals and targets they need to achieve.
- Overview sessions are brief but detailed and specific.
- When athletes are given an overview session, they are aware of their trainer/coach’s thoughts for that particular session and what performance indicators they are going to track.
Warm Up and Cool Down
- Warm-up sessions are conducted to give athletes a minor head start for major training reps that follow throughout the routine.
- Includes activities that involve light body movements (burpees, jogging) but can raise and increase body temperature and stimulate the cardiorespiratory system.
- A cool down session follows a warm up session as a window for recovery.
- Cool down sessions last for 10-15 minutes.
- The goal on complementary warm up and cool down sessions is to minimise stiffness, soreness and disperse lactic acid.
Skill Instruction and Practice
- Should be on-point, specific and detailed where necessary.
- Should include demo sessions for better comprehension, following a practice session.
- Usually, complex skills are broken down into small parts for easier demonstration and understanding by learners.
- Learners should not be overwhelmed with too much information to process within a short period of learning.
- Preparing the body to fit into the mould of a sport.
- Requirements and fitness measures differ from sport to sport.
- Mostly carried out during the pre-season training phase.
- Sports that run for longer seasons require athletes to be reconditioned.
- Time and intensity of training routine is vital since any wrong decision could risk the athlete being injured.
- Should take place at the end of training sessions.
- The feedback should be two ways where both the athletes and the coach can evaluate each other and ask questions.
- Evaluation of one training session can give insights on aspects that can be improved in the next training sessions.